The Centre for Asian Affairs Policy Papers present the different views on the current Asian affairs. We particularly focus on the latest development in China’s domestic affairs and foreign policy, Japanese engagements in the regional and domestic arena, Korean Peninsula dynamics and Southeast Asia, ASEAN centrality with particular focus on the Sino-American interactions. The Policy Papers contribute to a better understanding of contemporary Asia and by presenting the different scope of views and ideas become an important platform for the exploration of new ideas regarding the region of East Asia.





monitorchinskiIn the CAA Paper Waldemar Jaszczyk examines the influence of new actors in Vietnamese domestic politics on Hanoi’s relations with China. It traces the emergence of the Vietnamese political society in the aftermath of the Doi Moi reforms that came to challenge the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV)’s grip on power, and the foundations of the mono-organisational socialist system that the Party had established. Taking this as a starting point, he examines the impact of the new actors’ pressure on the CPV’s decision-making in relation to the most domestically controversial issues in Sino-Vietnamese relations: Chinese economic presence in Vietnam and theSouth China Sea Dispute. It finds that, while in the former, the political society succeeded in pressuring Hanoi to limit opportunities for Chinese investments in the country, it failed to compel the CPV to adopt a more aggressive stance vis-à-vis China in the South China Sea dispute. Please download the CAA Brief here.


 

monitorchinskiIn the CAA Paper Dominik Mierzejewski and Waldemar Jaszczyk take a closer look at the relations between Communist Parties in China-Vietnam relations. Both governments follow the same model of a Leninist structure of government; however, despite the cultural and geographical proximity, this does not translate into close, cordial relations formed as a strategic ideological community. The paper investigates party-to-party relations. These are understood in the contexts of ideological community, a strategic channel for communication, as a means of penetrating and forming the opinions of party members, and as a crisis and public opinion management mechanism. Discussing the local party-to-party relations the paper argues that the major factor behind the relations is the international one of the Chinese currency RMB through cross-border trade. Please download the CAA Paper here





monitorchinskiIn the latest CAA Paper Joanna Nawrotkiewicz describes the process and methods of mobilizing Thai Chinese to act as advocates for the sake of the PRC’s interests. Chinese diaspora in Thailand is one of the largest and oldest overseas community in the world. Thai Chinese stand for 11-14% of Thailand’s population, and some even assume 40% of Thais could have a Chinese ancestor. These ties with China represent a potential the CCP wants to exploit, as it would be beneficial for China to have supporters outside the border. This process is being realized by using three methods: engaging young people to seek their Chinese roots, offering opportunities for business owners, and attracting via media – Chinese social platforms or close cooperation with Thai media. Please download the CAA Paper here





monitorchinskiIn CAA Paper D. Mierzejewski and J. Nawrotkiewicz touches the issue of the patriotic education in the Southern China province Guangdong. It argues that due to the local conditions, there are limitations in navigating centrally sponsored patriotic education. In fact, priority is given to manoeuvre between promoting the local culture of Lingnan, describing past foreign influences, republican, democratic history and “red” culture promoting the communist movement in Guangdong and the Greater Bay Area with Hong Kong and Macao. In order to secure its position within China, the government in Guangzhou needs to keep the Southern province culture proximity with Chinese overseas, as well as not to exaggerate promoting strong pro-Beijing patriotic feelings. Please download the CAA Paper here





monitorchinskiDominik Mierzejewski and Andres Porras touches on the important issue of navigating the dual circulation economy in China throughout the provincial channel in Guangdong province. By defining the concept of dual circulation vs. decoupling, the authors demonstrate the complexity of Beijing’s based government project for a high-tech economy and deconstruct the actors behind the dual circulation strategy. In this context, the Guangdong government positions itself as the vanguard of the new era in China’s economic development. Please download the CAA Paper here





monitorchinskiMarcin Socha in CAA policy paper discusses the recent changes in Japanese regulations governing trade in digital currencies. The data released by Japan’s Financial Services Agency shows that the revenue from digital currency trading rose to 543 billion USD in 2017 from just 2 million USD in 2014. For a very long time, the Japanese government and, the Central Bank remained sceptical about the idea of granting digital currencies a full and legitimate status. The situation changed when Facebook announced plans to issue its digital currency Libra and the People’s Republic of China authorities presented a strategy of introducing the Digital Currency Electronic Payment system. It seems that Japanese financial institutions, pressured by business circles, can no longer remain ignorant of the concept of introducing official digital currency. Please download the Policy Paper here





monitorchinskiDominik Mierzejewski in CAA policy paper discusses the recent development in private-state sectors nexus in Mainland China. It does so by presenting the outcome of the recent Fifth Plenum, Xi Jinping’s instructions and the regulations passed by the Central Committee on Opinions on Strengthening the United Front Work of the Private Economy in the New Era and then analysing suspending the public offering (IPO) of Ant Group as the consequence of the discussion about the management of the rising contradictions within the country. By taking a close look at the processes the author argues that the decisions taken by the regulators reflect the growing tensions between bureaucratic cycles and private businesspeople and are in line with defining contradiction by the central authorities. Please download the Policy Paper here





monitorchinskiIn the CAA Policy Paper Mateusz Chatys scrutinize the rivalry between China and the United States in Southeast Asia through the prism of a pandemic with particular emphasis on tracking systems and Huawei’s ‘Safe Cities’ platform. Throughout analyzing the Chinese technological expansion and the American response to it, he tries to answer the question of whether Washington’s policy primarily based on fueling concerns about potential security threats by Chinese tech companies is sufficiently effective in the case of the Southeast Asia region. Please download the Policy Paper here





monitorchinskiIn the first CAA Policy Paper Dominik Mierzejewski looks inside China’s domestic structure and argues that the critical in understanding current Hong Kong’s position is the horizontal competition between provinces. By analyzing the horizontal relations under the umbrella of Beijing based government the Policy Paper answers to the questions of who stimulates the decision on the security law and whether the competing provinces Guangdong, Hainan or the city of Shanghai might push the central government into more tough policy towards Hong Kong? Please download the Policy Paper here