The Centre for Asian Affairs Policy Brief presents the different views on the current Asian affairs. We particularly focus on the latest development in China’s domestic affairs and foreign policy, Japanese engagements in the regional and domestic arena, Korean Peninsula dynamics and Southeast Asia with particular Sino-American interactions. The Policy Brief contributes to a better understanding of contemporary Asia and by presenting the different scope of views and ideas become an important platform for the exploration of new ideas regarding the region of East Asia.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Joanna Beczkowska discusses the strengthening of the South Korean position in the electric vehicle (EV) battery industry. In this rapidly developing sector, South Korea has gained an advantage over China and Japan due to early and rapid investments in Eastern Europe. However, South Korean EV battery manufacturers still must race for dominance, competing not only with China and Japan but also Europe. As the European Union plans to support development of its own EV battery sector and regulate it with eco-friendly policies, South Korea must pay close attention to its new possible rival. On the other hand, this global race to dominate EV production is an opportunity for South Korea to further develop its economy and create a new generation of batteries in accordance with EU regulations. Please download the CAA Brief here.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Marcin Socha discusses cooperation initiatives between the United States and Japan in digital technologies. Both countries seem to focus on jointly coordinating efforts to develop 5G and 6G projects. Recent actions taken by the Chinese government, which has been cracking down on cryptocurrency trading, are a clear sign that Beijing is preparing the ground for introducing a digital yuan currency. Joe Biden’s administration has recently been debating whether the Chinese digital currency initiative can become a threat to the global supremacy of the US dollar. As of yet, there are no apparent signs of cooperation between Japan and the United States, although the issue of introducing a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) has been receiving a lot of media coverage. Recent developments show that institutional players in Japan and the United States have finally decided to move faster on developing research on a CBDC. Please download the CAA Brief here.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief, Paulina Matera and Dominik Mierzejewski discuss the recent triangular relations between Europe, China, and the United States. By focusing on the reaction to the WHO-convened Global Study of the Origins of SARS CoV-2 report, the authors argue that American diplomacy exercises its international mobilization power, while the European Union makes a more conciliatory approach. In this regard, China defends its claim of innocence when it comes to the origins of SARS-CoV 2. Nevertheless, the reaction to the WHO-China report may be seen as a catalyst that allows the European Union to regain momentum in supporting the civil societies in Central and Southeast Europe. Please download the CAA Brief here.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Mierzejewski and Karabassova touches on the perception of China among the elites and public opinion in Kazakhstan. They do so by analyzing the strategic partnership between both countries and discussing the BRI projects and the national policy of Nurly Zholin Kazakhstan. In the last section, they highlight the growing anti-Chinese feeling among the broader public in the country and presents scepticism towards China. Please download the CAA Brief here.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Andres Porras touches on Chinese soft power in Latin America since the COVID-19 outbreak. By determining the importance of Latin America for China, the paper attempts to explain Chinese soft power in the region. The author also briefly describes China’s mask and vaccine diplomacy in the region. Finally, the author presents an analysis of the reasons explaining why China’s recent aid to Latin America is causal of China’s long-term interest in the region rather than a short-term image cleansing. Please download the CAA Brief here.


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Dominik Mierzejewski takes a closer look at Myanmar’s recent coup d’état from the Chinese perspective. The situation is more complex than general public opinion believes and should be discussed in at least three particular contexts: historical experiences with Maoist guerrillas in Myanmar, anti-Chinese sentiments, and the problems in managing the cross-border governance in Upper Myanmar. By discussing the aforementioned dimensions, the author explains the complexity of China’s policy towards its southern neighbour, a country ranked as the 22nd most fragile state in the world by the Fragile States Index. Please download the CAA Brief here


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Przemysław Ciborek is taking a closer look over the U.S. investment capabilities in CEE. China General Nuclear will be replaced by an American entity in Romania, securing refurbishment and expansion of the Power Plant in Cernavoda. Nevertheless, The EU regulations might limit the U.S. presence in the region as in case of China. Please download the CAA Brief here


monitorchinskiIn the CAA Brief Paulina Uznańska examines three extensively debated topics in Chinese academic and political circles: China’s return to anti-imperialistic rhetoric, the COVID-19 influence on Beijing’s international standpoint and potential implications of Biden’s presidential victory for the Sino-US tensions. By conducting a discourse analysis of Chinese sources, the author aims to present Beijing’s perception of recent international events. Please download the CAA Brief here


monitorchinskiThe CAA Brief touches the important issue of the role of patriotic education in China’s peripheral areas of Heilongjiang. Being located in North-East China, bordering with Russia, province is recognized as the “bridgehead” that is responsible for navigating cross-border governance. In this context, the patriotic education is part of Heilongjiang’s policy. However, as said in the brief the govenment in Harbin needs to self-limit in stimulating anti-foreign feelings. The priority is given to the central cordial relations as argued by Dominik Mierzejewski. Please download the CAA Brief here


monitorchinskiIn the recent CAA Brief Mateusz Chatys discusses the real meaning of the RCEP, once ratified by all countries, will be the largest free trade zone in the world. Undoubtedly, the conclusion of the RCEP negotiations is a great success for ASEAN which, despite a rigid negotiating framework based on consensus within the „ASEAN Way”, managed to finalize it. However, an important question arises: which country will benefit the most? To check it out, please download the CAA Brief here


monitorchinskiIn CAA Policy Brief Ugo Armanini from the Elcano Royal Institute in Madrid takes a closer look at Huawei as an important actor in Latin America’s digital economy and a crucial partner for the development of the region’s telecommunications infrastructure. Its engagement has proved resilient amid the Covid-19 pandemic which has provided it with opportunities for the deployment of artificial intelligence and cloud-based health applications. As argued by the author navigating between the US and China will remain a long-term challenge for Latin American countries. Please download the Policy Brief here


monitorchinskiIn the recent CAA policy brief Joanna Beczkowska discusses Xi Jinping’s latest speech upon the 70th anniversary of China’s participation in the Korean War and focuses on the South Korean reaction. The memory of the Korean War is one of the key foundations of South Korean national identity, and, as such, the sharp narrative from Beijing is recognized by Seoul as a potential threat that needs to be challenged. Please download the Policy Brief here

monitorchinskiIn CAA Policy Brief Dominik Mierzejewski refers to the latest visit of Chairman Xi Jinping to Guangdong and Shenzhen in particular. As the NDRC document says Shenzhen is designated to play the pivotal role in at least two critical pillars: as a self-reliant place for further fundraising, and as the most important part of China’s new currency regulations’ global sovereign digital currency hub. What are the consequences for domestic, horizontal relations between Shenzhen and other actors and whether the digital currency will oust USD from the global markets? To check it out, please download the Policy Brief here

monitorchinskiIn the recent CAA Policy Brief Bartosz Kowalski comments Yang Jiechi’s visit to Serbia. He argues that the visit indicates an attempt to synchronize the PRC’s activities with the developing countries/Global South: primarily in terms of accelerating the construction of transport infrastructure for Chinese exports, sharing the methods of social control, and forging the “will of the people” – naturally in line with Beijing’s interests. To check it out, please download the Policy Brief here

monitorchinskiIn the first CAA Policy Brief Przemysław Ciborek takes a closer look at the Huawei’s 5G network expansion in Europe. The American administration is trying to oust the Chinese company from the allied markets within NATO, offering in return cooperation in the field of security and defense based on common liberal values – an area in which the US government has comparative advantages over China. Is American offer enough for the investment-hungry region of Southeast Europe? To check it out, please download the Policy Brief here